The new military government in Myanmar Ordered Telecommunications companies threaten to restore stability in the country by temporarily blocking access to Facebook by quoting the platform, as part of a broader effort to restrict Internet access after the coup last month.
Nonprofit Internet Shutdown Tracker Netblocks Sure Access to Facebook, Instagram, Messenger and WhatsApp servers was now limited in the country. Internet Obstacles The Myanmar army was also recorded on 31 January 2021 Possession of control In this coup which brought them to power.
When it comes to shutting down politically motivated internet, 2021 is already a sad start. In January alone, India, Myanmar and Uganda all experienced Internet disruptions linked to political events.
In Uganda, the whole state Turn off the internet Last week, the day of the presidential election in early January, Indian authorities were limited Internet access As a local farmer in multiple areas near its capital New Delhi Protest Agricultural law passed in September last year.
According to Hannah Kritam, technical expert at Internet Policy NGO Internet Society, In addition to violations of basic human freedoms, Internet shutdowns are detrimental to growth because they have an immediate financial impact on a country’s economy. Cretam explained that the Internet shutdown reduced economic activity, resulting in lower local business profits and reduced tax revenue.
“In addition, many individuals, organizations and businesses around the world rely on Internet-based services for important tasks such as data storage, data processing and financial transactions based in different countries. Disrupting access to these services inevitably reduces productivity, resulting in significant economic losses, ”Kretem said.
A 2020 Report Top 10 VPNs report that regional Internet disruptions in Kashmir, coupled with prolonged Internet blackouts, could cost India ২ 2.7 billion by 2020, and disruptions in Myanmar could cost the country’s economy ১৯ 190 million.
Because of the Cavid-19 epidemic, 2021 is a crisis year, and emerging economies can’t afford the economic and infrastructural costs that Internet shutdowns often bring to the forefront of the ongoing epidemic, Cretan said.
For example, India is interested in becoming a technology hub but has a complex history Internet Policing To reduce disagreements and protests. Kretam said internet shutdowns would affect those aspirations.
“We believe that Internet shutdowns provide the confidence that people have in the Internet infrastructure and can work reliably if needed. Over time, people stop using untrustworthy networks, which reduces investment and further reduces investment in infrastructure and construction.
Repeat the offenders
Authorities in India, Myanmar and Uganda have previously disrupted the Internet at critical times, according to Samuel Woodhams, a digital rights researcher at Top 10 VPN.
“The recent shutdowns in Uganda, India and Myanmar show that elections, protests and political upheaval continue to be a trigger for Internet bans around the world … We know that once countries disrupt the Internet, they can do it again,” Email.
To date, under pressure from the United Nations, civil society and lawyers, governments have not prevented governments from restricting access to the Internet and reducing citizens’ freedom of expression, political parties said. In fact, he said that a supervisory body capable of overcoming these obstacles at the local level is unlikely to ever materialize.
“In countries that have previously implemented shutdowns and where the devastating economic and political effects of the epidemic have yet to be felt, many more elections are scheduled, unfortunately I think we can expect many more disruptions to the Internet in the coming year,” Woodham said.