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What is ovarian cyst or lump in ovary, know its symptoms, causes and treatment

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Some symptoms of ovarian cysts are similar to PCOS ie Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, such as irregular or no menstruation, pimples and weight gain etc.

Ovarian cyst is a fluid filled lump on the surface of one or both ovaries of women. Many symptoms or signs of cysts in the ovaries are not understood until they become very large.

  • Last Updated:November 18, 2020, 6:26 AM IST

If a woman has stomach ache or discomfort, it may not be normal. Sometimes it can be caused by Ovarian Cyst. Ovarian cysts are ovaries that form in the ovary, which look like a small sac, which may be filled with liquid, air, or other substances. The ovary is an important part of the reproductive system of women, located in the lower abdomen on either side of the uterus. Ovarian cysts are quite common and this problem is found in many women.

Symptoms appear late

According to myUpchar, cysts in the ovaries are fluid-filled lumps on the surface of one or both ovaries of women. Many symptoms or signs of cysts in the ovaries are not understood until they become very large. Symptoms that appear when getting older include swelling or indigestion, pain in the lower right or left side of the abdomen, increased waist size, pain during bowel movement and sex, nausea and vomiting. Some symptoms of ovarian cysts are similar to PCOS ie Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, such as irregular or non-menstrual periods, pimples and weight gain etc. Most of the ovary cysts naturally heal on their own without treatment, but in rare cases cancerous cysts may also be detected during routine examination.There are two types of cysts

According to myUpchar, there are two types of cysts in the ovary – functional and pathological. In most cases, cysts are functional in the ovaries, which means that they occur naturally at the time of menstruation and do not cause any disease. These are disease free cysts. However pathological cysts can also be disease free or in some cases can cause cancer.

This is how diagnosis and treatment

Doctors can detect cysts in the ovaries during a pelvic examination. Ultrasound test can be used to confirm inflammation and cysts in the ovaries. This test helps to tell the size, position and structure of the cyst. Most cysts heal on their own in some time, so doctors do not start treatment immediately. Instead, it is recommended to have ultrasound again after a few weeks or months. But if there is no change in the cyst or if the size is seen to increase, then they can get a pregnancy test done to ensure that the woman is not pregnant. Apart from this, hormone test can also be done. Doctors may suggest a CA-125 blood test to check for ovarian cancer.

If the cyst does not end on its own or is growing larger, the process of removing the cyst is noted. In this case laparoscopy and laparotomy can be done. If there are frequent cysts in the ovaries, doctors can prescribe birth control pills to prevent ovulation and growth of new cysts. These medicines can also reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.Our article for more information, Lump in ovary Read. Health related articles on News18 are written by myUpchar.com. MyUpchar is the country’s first and largest source of verified health news. In myUpchar, researchers and journalists, along with doctors, bring all the information related to health for you.

Disclaimer: The information in this article is for educational purposes in relation to certain health conditions and their possible treatment. It is not a healthcare, screening, diagnosis and treatment option offered by a qualified and licensed physician. If you, your child or someone close is experiencing any such health problem, which is mentioned here, contact the doctor as soon as possible. Do not use the information given here for diagnosis or treatment of any health related problem or disease without expert advice. If you do this, neither myUpchar nor News18 will be responsible for any possible loss to you in such a situation.

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